When i read colleagues' code in my team, i usually found there were two different types of definition for const NSString objects:
static NSString const * and
static NSString * const
As far as i know, the former is a pointer point to a const
NSString object, and the latter defines a const pointer to a
My question is which is a better programming practice and a preferred way when defining a const
NSString object in
Best How To :
static NSString * const
is a better choice.
static NSString const * is same to
static NSString *, cause the string here is already immutable. If you analyse it deeper, you'll notice that
const is absolutely nothing to do with it, NSString is Objective-C's class, it wraps the actual value in C.
NSString is a constant type itself (there's a
NSMutableString exists). You only need to define a const pointer for it if u want it to be a constant.
static NSString * const var; // 1
static NSString const * const var; // same to 1, first const is useless
static const NSString * const var; // same to 1, first const is useless
CANNOT do any modification.
static NSString * var; // 2
static NSString const * var; // same to 2, the const is useless
static const NSString * var; // same to 2, the const is useless
CANNOT modify the value of var, but CAN modify the pointer.
static NSMutableString * const var; // 3
CAN modify the value of var, but CANNOT for the pointer.
static NSMutableString * var; // 4
CAN modify both the value & pointer.
As @user3125367 mentioned,
Immutability in Objective-C terms has nothing to do with constness in C.
There are 3 orthogonal things: pointer constness, object field constness and object's high-level mutability.
I agree with him about it. NSString has a higher level (it also inherited form NSObject), const on it should have no effect in fact (not the same meaning about the "no effect on immutable object"). But the complier might take care of it already.
var = @"a";
var = @"b";
the code snippet above means the pointer changed, not the value. There's no way to modify the value of NSString instance (for NSMutableString, you can use some methods like
-appendString: to modify the value).
If you use
static NSString const * var;
var will point to
@"b". Instead, if you use
static NSString * const var;
compiler will throw an error, and it's what we want: making the var unchangeable.