I'm looking over Section 3.4 of RFC 3986 trying to understand what constitutes a valid URI query parameter key, but I'm not seeing a clear answer.
The reason I'm asking is because I'm writing a Ruby class that composes a URI with query parameters. When a new parameter is added I want to validate the key. Based on experience, it seems like the key will be invalid if it requires any escaping.
I should also say that I plan to validate the key. I'm not sure how to go about validating this data either, but I do know that in all cases I should escape this value.
Advice is appreciated. Advice in the context of how validation might already be possible through say a Ruby Gem would also be a plus.
Best How To :
I could well be wrong, but that spec seems to say that anything following '?' or '#' is valid as long. I wonder if you should be looking more at the spec for 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded' (ie. the key/value pairs we're all used to)?
This is the default content type. Forms submitted with this content type must be encoded as follows:
Control names and values are escaped. Space characters are replaced by
+', and then reserved characters are escaped as described in [RFC1738], section 2.2: Non-alphanumeric characters are replaced by%HH', a percent sign and two hexadecimal digits representing the ASCII code of the character. Line breaks are represented as "CR LF" pairs (i.e., `%0D%0A').
The control names/values are listed in the order they appear in the document. The name is separated from the value by
=' and name/value pairs are separated from each other by&'.