I want to display some `Rational`

values in their decimal expansion. That is, instead of displaying `3 % 4`

, I would rather display `0.75`

. I'd like this function to be of type `Int -> Rational -> String`

. The first `Int`

is to specify the maximum number of decimal places, since `Rational`

expansions may be non-terminating.

Hoogle and the haddocks for Data.Ratio didn't help me. Where can I find this function?

# Best How To :

Here's one that I wrote a few weeks ago. You can specify the number of decimals you want (correctly rounded), or just pass `Nothing`

in which case it will print the full precision, including marking the repeated decimals.

```
module ShowRational where
import Data.List(findIndex, splitAt)
-- | Convert a 'Rational' to a 'String' using the given number of decimals.
-- If the number of decimals is not given the full precision is showed using (DDD) for repeating digits.
-- E.g., 13.7/3 is shown as \"4.5(6)\".
showRational :: Maybe Int -> Rational -> String
showRational (Just n) r =
let d = round (abs r * 10^n)
s = show (d :: Integer)
s' = replicate (n - length s + 1) '0' ++ s
(h, f) = splitAt (length s' - n) s'
in (if r < 0 then "-" else "") ++ h ++ "." ++ f
-- The length of the repeating digits is related to the totient function of the denominator.
-- This means that the complexity of computing them is at least as bad as factoring, i.e., it quickly becomes infeasible.
showRational Nothing r =
let (i, f) = properFraction (abs r) :: (Integer, Rational)
si = if r < 0 then "-" ++ show i else show i
decimals f = loop f [] ""
loop x fs ds =
if x == 0 then
ds
else
case findIndex (x ==) fs of
Just i -> let (l, r) = splitAt i ds in l ++ "(" ++ r ++ ")"
Nothing -> let (c, f) = properFraction (10 * x) :: (Integer, Rational) in loop f (fs ++ [x]) (ds ++ show c)
in if f == 0 then si else si ++ "." ++ decimals f
```