I created a rails app in a docker environment and it links to a postgres instance. I edited the postgres container to add initial data (by running rake db:setup from the rails app). Now I commited the postgres database, but it doesn't seem to remember my data when I create a new container (of the commited postgres image).
Isn't it possible to save data in a commit and then reuse it afterwards?
I used the postgres image: https://registry.hub.docker.com/_/postgres/
Best How To :
The problem is that the postgres Dockerfile declares "/var/lib/postgresql/data" as a volume. This is a just a normal directory that lives outside of the Union File System used by images. Volumes live until no containers link to them and they are explicitly deleted.
You have a few choices:
- Use the
--volumes-from command to share data with new containers. This will only work if there is only one running postgres image at a time, but it is the best solution.
- Write your own Dockerfile which creates the data before declaring the volume. This data will then be copied into the volume when the container is created.
- Write an entrypoint or cmd script which populates the database at run time.
All of these suggestions require you to use Volumes to manage the data once the container is running. Alternatively, you could write your own Dockerfile and simply not declare a volume. You could then use
docker commit to create a new image after adding data. This will probably work in the short term, but is definitely not how you should work with containers - it isn't repeatable and you will eventually run out of layers in the Union File System.
Have a look at the official Docker docs on managing data in containers for more info.